Sex Distinction in Digital Dermatoglyphic Patterns of Convicted Prisoners: A Comparative Cohort-Control Study

Maninder Kaur, Mankamal Kaur, Preet Kamal, Jatinder Kaur

Abstract


The present study intends to analyse sex distinction in digital dermatoglyphic patterns in convicted prisoners and compare them with a normal control group. For this purpose, a sample of 184 prisoners (149 males, 35 females)
as well as 240 normal participants (male 120, female 120)were selected. The prisoner cohort group selected for the study was convicted for the following offences: Section 302 IPC, 307 IPC, 376IPC, 363-364 IPC, 366 IPC, 323-26 IPC. Galton’s system of classification was followed to classify various dermatoglyphic patterns. In the male criminal cohort group, the overall frequency of loop patterns (56.51%) was maximum compared to the frequency of whorls (38.79%) and arches (4.7%), while males in the control group exhibited the highest frequency of whorls (48.25%) followed
by loops (47.67%) and arches (4.08%). In females, loops were the most frequently occurring pattern, whereas arches were the least frequently seen pattern in both the criminal and cohort group. The frequency of arches was lowest in both the hands with higher fractional percentage in the radial side (thumb and index finger) of distoproximal axis as compared to ulnar side (ring finger and little finger) in both the groups. Pattern intensity index (13.40 vs 13.05),
and furuhata’s index (69.35 vs 68.47) of the criminal males and females were found to be comparable, but the Dankmeijer’s index (12.11 vs 18.93) of the male criminals was lower than their female counterparts, thereby indicating a higher occurrence of arches in the female criminal cohort group.


Keywords


Forensic Science, Cohort Group, Dermatoglyphic Patterns, Prisoners.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cummins H, Midlo C. Fingerprints, palms and soles.Blakiston, 1943.

Lambourne G. The fingerprint story. London: Harrap;1984.

Sodhi GS, Kaur J. World’s First Conviction on Fingerprint Identification. National Crime Record Bureau Gazette.2003;15(2):1-3.

Malhotra KC, Vasulu TS, Dikshitulu YS, Gupta RC.Dermatoglyphic study among sex and other crime convicts. Int J Anthropol. 1992;7(1):23-40.5. Cho C. A finger dermatoglyphics of the new Zealand-

Samoans. Korean J Biol Sci. 1998;2(4):507-11.

Biswas S. Finger and palmar dermatoglyphic study among the Dhimals of North Bengal, India. The Anthropologist. 2011;13(3):235-8.

Wijerathne BT, Rathnayake GK, Adikari SC, Amarasinghe S, Abhayarathna PL, Jayasena AS. Sexual dimorphism in digital dermatoglyphic traits among Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka. J Physiol Anthropol. 2013 Dec;32(1):27.

Dorjee B, Das S, Mondal N, Sen J. Dermatoglyphic variation among the Limboo of Sikkim, India. Homo.

;66(5):455-70.

Kapoor N, Badiye A. Sex differences in the thumbprint ridge density in a central Indian population. Egypt J Forensic Sci. 2015 Mar 1;5(1):23-9.

Mbaka G, Ejiwunmi A, Alabi O, Olatayo T. Digital dermatoglyphic variation and migratory pattern of ethnic Liberians. Egypt J Forensic Sci. 2016;6(4):416-21.

Arun Kumar KR, Manoranjitham R, Shalini R, Ravivarman C. Study of Fingerprint Patterns Among Medical Students. Int J Anat Res. 2016;4(2):2273-2276.

Binorkar SV, Kulkarni AB. Study on the fingerprint pattern and gender distribution in and around Nanded district of Maharashtra state. Eur J Forensic Sci.2017;4(1):1.

Vogel F, Motulsky AG. Human Genetics -Problems and approaches. 1986.

Penrose LS. Finger-print pattern and the sex chromosomes.The Lancet. 1967 Feb 11;289(7485):298-300.

Climent CE, Rollins A, Ervin FR, Plutchik R. Epidemiological studies of women prisoners, I: Medical and

psychiatric variables related to violent behavior. Am J Psychiatry. 1973;130(9):985-90.

Gustavson KH, Modrzewska K, Sjöquist KE. Dermatoglyphics in individuals with asocial behaviour. Ups J Med Sci.1994;99(1):63-7.

Kumar AK, Dutt H, Saxena A, Amit M. Prevalence of digital dermatoglyphic patterns: Medico legal significance. J Pharm Biomed Sci. 2013;32(32):1338-42.

Pandey A, Vyas JM. A Comparative Case Study of Fingerprint Patterns in Male Convicts of Sabarmati Jail (Ahmedabad) in Gujarati Population. Indian J Forensic Medicine & Toxicol. 2014;8(1):1-5.19. Galton F. Finger prints, published in 1892 by Macmillan and Co. London and NewYork, reprint: Da Capo Press, New York. 1965.

Cummins H, Midlo C. Finger prints, palms and soles:an introduction to dermatoglyphics. New York: Dover Publications; 1961.

Cummins H, Steggerda M. Finger prints in a Dutch family series. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1935;20(1):19-41.

Basu A, Namboodiri KK. The relationship between total ridge count and pattern intensity index of digital dermatoglyphics. Am J Phys Anthropol, 1971;34: 165-173.

Dankmeijer J. Some anthropological data on finger prints. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1938;23:377-388.

Furuhata T. The difference of the index of finger prints according to race. Japan Med orld,1927;7:162-164.

Miličić J, Pavićević R, Halbauer M, Šarčević B. Analysis of qualitative dermatoglyphic traits of the digito-palmar complex in carcinomas. InAnalysis of Qualitative Dermatoglyphic Traits of the Digito-palmar Complex in Carcinomas 2000 Jan 1. The Edwin Mallen Press.

Bugge JN, Poll H. Esistono differenzedattiloscopichefracriminali e normali. Arch di Antropol Crim.

;16:815-43.

Banik SD, Pal P, Mukherjee DP. Finger dermatoglyphic variations in Rengma Nagas of Nagaland India. Col-legium antropologicum. 2009;33(1):31-5.

Chattopadhyay PK, Sharma PD. Finger dermatoglyphics of the Rarhi Brahmins of Bengal. Am J Phys Anthropol.1969;30(3):397-401.

Nithin MD, Balaraj BM, Manjunatha B, Mestri SC.Study of fingerprint classification and their gender distribution among South Indian population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2009; 16(8):460-3.

Maris GT. A study of the Henry accidentals. Finger print and Ident Mag.1943; 25(2).

Holt SB. The Genetics of Dermal ridges. Thomas CC ed. Springfield; 1968.

Biswas PC. Finger and palmar prints of the Indian juvenile criminals. Science and Culture. 1945;11.

Sen DK. Digital pattern frequency among two groups of criminal populations in U.P. East Anthropol. 1955; 8(2):79-83.

Singh RD. A preliminary study of the finger print pattern frequency among convicts in a jail (UP). East Anthrop. 1959; 12:188-95.

Newman MT. Populational analysis of finger and palm prints in Highland and Lowland Maya Indians. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1960;18(1):45-58.36. Wilson JQ, Herrnstein R. Crime and Human Nature,

New York: Simon and Shuster. Age. 1985.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26735/16586794.2019.030

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.