Substance Use Disorder and Reoffending Among Inmates Awaiting Trial in a Maximum Security Prison in Nigeria

Aishatu Yusha'u Armiya'u, Yusufu T. Maigari, Francis J. Davou


Aim and Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) and the relationship between inmates with SUD and those without SUD with reoffending.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out among 366 male inmates awaiting trial in Jos maximum security prison, Plateau state (Nigeria). Two sets of questionnaires were used, namely General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).

Results: Prevalence of SUD was 32.8% (120) among inmates. Reoffending was statistically significant with SUD (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: These results suggest a significant rate of SUD among awaiting trial inmates. It also shows a significant difference between SUD and reoffending.


Forensic Science, Substance Use, Reoffending, Prison, Awaiting trial, Prevalence

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