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Author Guidelines

The Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine (AJFSFM) is a peer-reviewed, open access (CC BY-NC), international journal dedicated to the development and application of forensic science and forensic medical knowledge and research for the purpose of law and justice across the globe. The AJFSFM is an official publication (ISSN 1658-6786) of the Arab Society for Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine (ASFSFM) and is published biannually by Naif Arab University for Security Sciences (NAUSS), Riyadh — Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The AJFSFM has the fundamental aim of sharing knowledge, research experience, recent achievements, and new technologies in various disciplines of forensic sciences and forensic medicine among the forensic scientists in Arab countries as well as the rest of the world. The AJFSFM aims to achieve a top position by publishing genuine, outstanding, trustworthy, and original research submitted by ambitious researchers, spreading to all scientists, pathologists, jurists, medicolegal professionals, and learners in the field of forensic sciences and forensic medicine.

The topics covered in the AJFSFM include but not limited to Forensic Pathology, Odontology, Histochemistry, Toxicology (drugs, alcohol, etc.), Forensic Biology (Serology, Human DNA profiling, Entomology, population Genetics), Forensic chemistry (Inks, Paints, Dyes, Explosives, Fire accelerants), Psychiatry and Hypnotics, Forensic Anthropology and Archeology, Fingerprints and Impressions, Firearms and Tool marks, White collar crimes (counterfeit and forgery; questioned documents), Digital forensics; Cyber-crimes, Criminal justice, Crime Scene Investigation, and studies of value to public health.

The AJFSFM will publish original contributions in Arabic or English submitted from any part of the world that fall under any of the following manuscript categories: Original research papers, Case reports, Review articles, Rapid Communications, Brief /Technical Notes, Letters to the Editor, Book Reviews, Conferences / Symposia Proceedings, Society news, Announcements.

Types of Publication:

Research Paper:Full-length research report of an original study carried out prospectively or retrospectively, by an individual scientist or collaboration of a group of scientists.

Review Article: This type of publication consists of work based on summarizing and synthesizing knowledge in a specific area carried out by other scientists who already have an understanding of the topic; however, the authors of a review article would normally have worked and published primary literature in the area they are writing about.

Technical / Brief Notes: This type of publication describes technical aspects of a field or report on a procedure or method, or work based on validation of methodologies or techniques.

Case Report: This is a brief description or analysis of one or more cases related to forensic science or forensic medicine.

Rapid Communications: This type of publication consists of research work that extends previously published research, including the reporting of additional controls and confirmatory results in other settings, as well as negative results. Authors must clearly acknowledge any previous work upon which they are building, both published and unpublished.

Letter to the editor: Letters may discuss previously published material or commentaries in the Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine or any issue of interest to the Arab Society for Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine (ASFSFM). Letters commenting on published material are shared with the original authors to give them opportunity to respond.

Response to Letter: This is a response to a letter commenting on previously published work. It is usually written by the author of that work.

Editorial or Invited Commentary: This is a commentary on a specific topic or issue written by the Editor-in-Chief or by someone else upon the special invitation of the EIC.

Book Review: Review of a book or other publication of interest to the Forensic Sciences or Forensic Medicine community, or any other closely related fields of Criminalistics.

Conference Proceedings: Conference Proceedings are a compilation of research papers presented at a scientific meeting, symposium, or conference and are produced from the manuscripts received from authors.

Terms and Conditions of Publication in the AJFSFM:

The journal welcomes original contributions from scholars, researchers, academics, and forensic science practitioners from all over the world, under the following terms and conditions:
  1. Papers must be written in Arabic or English.
  2. Papers written in Arabic should also have an abstract in English. Similarly, manuscripts prepared in English must also have an Arabic abstract.
  3. Authors who cannot provide abstract in Arabic language should submit a written request to the Editor-in-Chief (EIC) at the time of manuscript submission for the Arabic translation of the abstract written in English.
  4. Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that the manuscript has not been submitted for publication elsewhere in Arabic or English, unless it was a conference paper. If it was a conference paper, then this should be noted together with a statement that the paper has been completely re-written and that either:
    1. It was not originally copyrighted or
    2. That the author has cleared any necessary permission with the copyright owner if it has been previously copyrighted.
  5. Previous publication in another language should also be disclosed.
  6. All papers are refereed, and the Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to refuse any manuscript, whether on invitation or otherwise, and to make suggestions and/or modifications before publication.
  7. AJFSFM place great emphasis on the originality and quality of the papers published in this journal. Submitted manuscripts are first reviewed by the EIC who has the authority to reject the paper or he can refer to one of the Associate Editors (AE) for further review. The AE evaluates the paper and decides whether it describes a sufficient body of work to support a major advance in a particular field. If the AE does not judge the manuscript suitable for the journal, alone or in consultation with other AEs, the manuscript may be rejected outright, without external peer review, with the reasons outlined in the decision letter sent to the author. If the AE does judge the manuscript suitable for the journal, it will then be subjected to external peer review with the consent of EIC.
  8. Peer-Review Process

    A full double-blind refereeing process is applied in which papers are sent to 3-4 experts for their peer review. The opinions of up to three experts are sought to evaluate the manuscript fully with respect to its significance, relevance, quality, and clarity. On receipt of all reviewer comments, and potentially further consultation amongst other editors, a decision is rendered by the AE and co-signed by the EIC, who will send the decision to the corresponding author. The whole process may take 2-3 months. 
    Possible decisions include:
    • Accept
    • Minor Revision
    • Major Revision
    • Reject
    For papers, which require changes, the same reviewers will be used to ensure that the quality of the revised paper is acceptable.
  9. AJFSFM shall furnish authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of printing errors. The proofs shall be returned within 14 calendar days of submittal. Reviewers and the AJFSFM shall not be held responsible for errors, which are the result of author’s oversight.
  10. Manuscripts which have been accepted for publication will be freely available online. AJFSFM is an Open Access journal and will strictly adhere to this policy as per the terms and conditions laid down in Creative Commons Attribution-Non-commercial. Use for commercial purposes, and alteration or transformation of the article in some derivative work is strictly prohibited.
  11. For detailed instructions about the preparation of manuscripts, online submission and author guidelines, kindly visit AJFSFM website: You may also visit for more publication guidelines.

Publication Policies of the Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine (AJFSFM)

The Arab Journal of Forensic sciences and Forensic Medicine (AJFSFM) strictly follows the publication policies of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) on Confidentiality, Conflicts of Interest and Ethical Standards.

Ethical Standards:

When human subjects are involved in experimentation, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and / or with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not disclose a patient's personal information at all, especially in illustrative material. Every effort must be made to protect the anonymity of patients or victims and their families. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution's policy on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. The Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine (AJFSFM) is committed to following and upholding the highest standards of research and publication ethics, international guidelines, procedures, and policies [such as outlined by the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE), and Office of Research Integrity (ORI)] when dealing with any case of suspected ethical misconduct. If such a case arises, the Journal may share relevant information with necessary third parties (for example, authors’ institutes). All information is treated in a strict confidential, factual, and non-judgmental manner. The AJFSFM will also retain the right to pursue any issues of ethical misconduct even after rejection or withdrawal of a manuscript from the Journal.

Confidentiality (Adapted from the ICMJE Statement on Confidentiality):

Manuscripts should be reviewed with due respect for authors' confidentiality. In submitting their manuscripts for review, authors entrust editors with the results of their scientific labor and creative effort, upon which their reputation and career may depend. Authors' rights may be violated by disclosure or by revelation of the confidential details of the review of their manuscript. 
Reviewers also have rights to confidentiality, which must be respected by the editor. Confidentiality may have to be breached if there are allegations of fraud or dishonesty but otherwise must be honored. 
The editor should not disclose information about manuscripts, including their receipt, their content, their status in the review process, their criticism by reviewers, or their ultimate fate. Such information should be provided only to authors themselves and reviewers. 
The editor’s makes clear to reviewers that manuscripts sent for review are privileged communications and are the private property of the authors. Therefore, reviewers and other people involved in the editorial process should respect the authors' rights by not publicly discussing the authors' work or appropriating their ideas before the manuscript is published. Reviewers are not allowed to make copies of the manuscript for their files and are prohibited from sharing it with others, except with the permission of the editor. Reviewers’ identities are confidential, and will not be revealed to authors or to others. Reviewers' comments may be shared with other reviewers of the same manuscript.

Conflicts of Interest (Adapted from the ICMJE Statement on Conflict of Interest):

A conflict of interest for a given manuscript exists when a participant in the peer-review and publication process – author, reviewer or Editor – has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence his/her judgment, whether or not judgment is in fact affected. Financial relationships with industry (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria or expert testimony), either directly or through immediate family, are generally considered the most important conflicts of interest. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic or research competition, and intellectual passion. 
Public trust in the peer-review process and the credibility of published work depend in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer-review and editorial decision making. Bias can often be identified and eliminated by careful attention to the scientific methods and conclusions of the work. Financial relationships and their effects are less easily detected than other types of conflicts of interest. Participants in peer-review should disclose their conflicting interests, and the information should be made available so that others can judge their effects for themselves. 
Authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial or other conflicts of interest that might bias their work when they submit a manuscript or letter. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other financial or personal connections to the work. 
Submission of manuscripts or commentary primarily for the purpose of bolstering an author’s position as an expert witness in legal proceedings is not acceptable. 
Reviewers should disclose to the editor any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and they should disqualify themselves from specific manuscripts if they believe it to be appropriate. The editor must be made aware of conflicts of interest to interpret the reviews and judge whether the reviewer should be disqualified. Reviewers must not use knowledge of the work gained during the review process, before publication of the work, to further their own interests. 
The editor should have no personal financial involvement in any of the issues that he/she may be called upon to judge. Published manuscripts and letters should include a description of all financial support and any conflict of interest that, in the editor's judgment, readers should know about.

Manuscript Preparation:

The AJFSFM requirements for manuscript publication are generally in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( These requirements may also be found in the introductory issue of the AJFSFM or published in the Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics (JPP) 2010 Jan-Jun; 1(1): 42–58, Saudi Medical Journal (, and many other journals. The following guidelines integrate the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, and are intended to help authors prepare their papers to meet the specific requirements of the AJFSFM so that their work may proceed smoothly through the publication process. Manuscripts may be written in English or Arabic and submitted via the AJFSFM website:

Text Formatting:

Manuscript pages should be double-spaced throughout the text, acknowledgments, and references. Tables, figures and figure legends are uploaded as separate files on the Manuscript Central site. Figure legends should be included on a page separate from the figures themselves. If the Abstract is not typed directly into Manuscript Central, please submit that as a separate upload. 
Manuscripts including tables, references and figure legends, must be typewritten (Times New Roman) with a font size of 12, on 8 1/2 x 11 inch (21.5 x 28 cm) or size A4 paper, with margins of at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) and double spacing. Pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page and continuing through the last page of typewritten material. Manuscripts must be accompanied by a covering letter signed by the author and all co-authors. The Journal recommends that authors should consider having their manuscripts professionally edited prior to submission; even more so for authors for whom English is a second language.

Word Limits:

Review and Original articles should be no longer than 4000 words (excluding abstract and references). Review articles may include up to 100 references, and Original articles may include up to 40 references. Articles may include a maximum of 6 tables and/or figures in total. Arabic Text: An Arabic translation must be submitted for: (1) the title of the article, (2) each author’s name and affiliation, and (3) abstracts.

Title Page:

The title page must contain (1) the title of the article in Arabic and English, (2) the correct first name, middle initial and family name of each author plus highest degrees, not more than 2, in that specific order (3) the Arabic translation for all authors names (4) any disclaimers, and (5) a short running title of no more than 40 characters (count letters and spaces). The second page should include in English and Arabic (1) the name and address of the department(s) and institution(s) at where the research was carried out for each author; affiliation address should be a record of where an author is currently working. If the study was previously carried out at another institute this should appear as “formerly of ....” (2) the current position and affiliation address of the corresponding author and (3) the first name, address, telephone number, fax number and E-mail address of the author to whom correspondence should be sent if it differs from the first author. Review articles should consist of one or 2 authors, only Clinical Review or Meta-analysis may include multiple authors. Case Reports should preferably not exceed 4 authors.


Abstracts in Arabic and English for Review articles and Case reports should be unstructured and not more than 150 words. All original articles must contain a structured abstract of not more than 230 words and a structured Arabic abstract should be provided. The AJFSFM recommends preparing a structured abstract using the following headings: Objectives (background), Methods (settings, design), including where and when the study took place, Results, and Conclusion. Authors should write their Arabic summaries using terms according to the Unified Medical Dictionary (Council of Arab Ministers of Health/WHO/Arab Medical Union ALESCO, 3rd ed.). Important observations and findings must be made clear.


Provide a minimum of five keywords with the abstract that will aid in cross-indexing the article. The first keyword must be forensic science; other keywords must enable abstracters to properly categorize the manuscript so interested researchers can easily find it in journal article data bases. Use terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus; recent terms may be used if not on the list. Frequently, the second keyword is a subfield of forensic science, e.g. forensic anthropology, forensic pathology, or DNA typing. In manuscripts on DNA typing, every locus involved in the research must be listed as a separate keyword. Do not use abbreviations for keywords.

Text Structure:

Introduction: This must include the background and objectives of the work without lengthy literature surveys or lengthy result summaries.

Methods: Experimental methods must be presented in a concise and informative way with enough detail to enable the work to be reproduced. Any published methods must have references and modifications should be described. In studies of diagnostic accuracy, the methods section should include the inclusion and exclusion criteria of patients involved in the study together with information on patient recruitment. Textual re-use of portions of an author’s previous work in the methods section will be considered, providing that an explanatory note is included with appropriate referencing: “The methods are exactly as published in the previous publication.....”.

Statistical Analysis:This must expand upon the background of the work, which was given in the introduction, and must provide a foundation for further work. Any calculation sections must clarify a practical development taken from a theoretical basis. The author(s) should adequately describe or reference all statistical procedures used in a paragraph at the end of the methods section. It is expected that the statistical tests used are appropriately selected and applied, with an indication of the related assumptions and how they have been tested. The ambiguous use of statistical terms should be avoided such as random with the meaning of haphazard, correlation instead of association, etc. In presenting results, all the participants in the study must be accounted for. Exact p-values and confidence intervals are to be used.

In-text Citation: In-text citation: [Conventional antihypertensive drugs are widely used among diabetics.13 Considering Bisoprolol fumarate as an example of such drugs, its advantages and disadvantages were discussed before. 14-16,19]

Tables: Tables must have a title and be ordered consecutively according to their citations in the text. Columns must contain a heading and explanations may only be placed in footnotes. 
Non-standard abbreviations must be clarified in footnotes and the following symbols must be used in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, **, ††, ‡‡, §§ 
Bar graphs and pie charts should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Legends for Tables, The AJFSFM has a slightly modified pattern of legends for tables and figures. Table legends should follow the pattern: [Table 2- Average height and weight of patient…….”]. In-text: [Table-2 indicates the average height and……”.] Illustrations (Figures): Figures must be submitted in a neutral data format (Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) or Portable Network Graphics (PNG)) with a resolution of 300 dpi. Do not use Power Point, Harvard Graphics, or PC Paint and do not import illustrations into Microsoft Word. Scanned figures must have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) relative to the reproduction size. Figures should be numbered consecutively (in Arabic numerals) in the order in they are cited in the text. If a figure has been previously published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce previously published material. Please contact the Editor-in-Chief if any changes are made to figures after submission. 
Legends for Illustrations, Legends must be submitted as a separate file, double-spaced, and numbered according to the illustrations, e.g., [Figure 1- Effect of temperature on DNA concentration]. In-text: [Figure-1 shows the effect of ………]. Symbols, arrows, numbers or letters used must be clearly identified and explained in the legend. The internal scale and method of staining in photomicrographs must be explained.

Units of Measurement: Measurements of volume, height, length, and weight must be reported in metric units or their decimal multiples. Temperatures must be represented in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures must be represented in millimeters of mercury. The International System of Units (SI) must be used to report all hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements. Non-metric units are only permitted if commonly used in a specialist field.

Abbreviations and Symbols:Terms and nomenclature must adhere to standards and lists used by appropriate international committees or organizations (the International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee, I.U.P.A.C., I.U.B., the Enzyme Commission, the Committee on International Standardization of Gene Nomenclature (ISGN)). The full term for an abbreviation must precede its first use in the text. Standard units of measurement may be abbreviated e.g., . Liter(s) L, Micro µ etc.

Results: Present results in a logical sequence according to the flow of information in the text, tables and illustrations. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations. Emphasize or summarize only important observation and avoid repetition of all of the data.

Discussion:Highlight new and important aspects of the study and any conclusions based on them. Be concise and avoid repetition of any data and material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Mention the implications of the findings and any limitations, and state possible implications for future research. Other relevant studies should be linked to the observations.

Conclusion: Conclusions must be linked to the aims of the research and must be supported by the data. Any new hypotheses may be stated, but must be highlighted as new. Authors are free to include recommendations based on their work. 
In shorter manuscripts, such as those intended to be Technical Notes or Case Reports, the Results and Discussion sections should be combined.

Acknowledgment:Acknowledgment should conform with the Uniform Requirements for Biomedical Journals which states: List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as “clinical investigators” or “participating investigators,” and their function or contribution should be described, for example, “served as scientific advisors,” “critically reviewed the study proposal,” “collected data,” or “provided and cared for study patients.” Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.

References:Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the ISSN list of title word abbreviations; see

  • The heading of the reference list should be 'References,' and it should contain only published or in-press references cited by number in the text.
  • Published abstracts, printed manufacturer’s protocols or instructions, and World Wide Web (WWW) site URLs may be cited as references. However, when citing the WWW as a reference, mention the date and time of accessing the website.
  • Personal communications and submitted manuscripts are not valid references. Personal communications should be cited in the text, in parentheses, at the appropriate location.
  • Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in tables, and legends by Arabic numerals.
  • Within the text, tables or figures, cite references by Arabic numerals in parentheses. Within the reference list, number the references 1., 2., 3., etc.
  • References in the reference list should be in accordance with Uniform Requirements - style of the examples given below. The AJFSFM reference style is slightly modified as compared to the format used by the U.S. National Library of Medicine in Index Medicus.
  • The titles of journals should be abbreviated correctly in accordance with the style used in Index Medicus.
  • The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. Examples of correct forms of references are given below.

Reference Style:

  1. Standard journal article (List all authors, but if the number exceeds six, give six followed by et al You CH, Lit KY, Chey RY, Methew R. Electrostatic study of patients with unexplained palpitation and vomiting. Symptomology 1923; 79:311-4. Goom AM, Hunter AR, John MJ, Farrall M, James LA, Lai LY et al. Predisposing locus for Down’s syndrome chromosome 21. JATAL 2019; 1:352-5.
  2. World Wide Web address or URL Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences & Forensic Medicine: Author Guidelines. via (Accessed September 09, 2014, at 1600 hours Saudi Standard Time).
  3. Organization as author The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977; 2:742-4.
  4. Article commented on Kobayashi Y, Fujii K, Hiki Y, Tateno S, Kurokawa A, Kamiyama M. Steroid therapy in IgA neuropathy: a retrospective study in heavy proteinuric cases [see comments]. Nephron 1988; 48:12-7. Comment in: Nephron 1989; 51:289-91.
  5. Article with published erratum Schofield A. The CAGE questionnaire and psychological health [published erratum appears in Br J Addict 1989; 84:701]. Br J Addict 1988;83;761-4.

Books and Other Monographs

  1. Personal author(s)
    Bocci V. Retinal degenerative disorders. In: Ozone. A new medical drug. 2nd edition, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 133–145, 2011.
  2. Editor(s), compiler as author
    Diener HC, Wilkinson M, editors. Drug-induced headache. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1988.
  3. Organization as author and publisher
    Virginia Law Foundation. The medical and legal implications of AIDS. Charlottesville: The Foundation, 1987.
  4. Chapters in a book
    Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, editors. Pathologic physiology: mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1974;457- 72.
  5. Conference proceedings
    Vivian VL, editor. Child abuse and neglect: a medical community response. Proceedings of the First AMA National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect; 1984 Mar 30-31; Chicago. Chicago: American Medical Association, 1985.
  6. Conference paper
    Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In: Gammage RB, Kaye SV, editors. Indoor air and human health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville (TN). Chelsea (Ml): Lewis, 1985;69-78.
  7. Scientific or technical report
    Akutsu T. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute; 1974 Apr. Report No.: NIH-NHLI-691 218514.
  8. Dissertation
    Youssef NM. School adjustment of children with congenital heart disease [dissertation]. Pittsburgh (PA): Univ. of Pittsburgh, 1988.
  9. Newspaper article
    Rensberger B, Specter B. CFCs may be destroyed by natural process. The Washington Post 1989 Aug 7; Sect. A:2 (col. 5).
  10. Holy Quran
    al-Rahman 55:26-28. The Holy Quran.
  11. Holy Bible Ruth 3:1-18. The Holy Bible. Authorized King James version. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1972.
  12. Dictionary and similar references
    Ectasia. Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 27th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1988;527.

Electronic submission of Manuscripts:

Manuscripts can be sent by e-mail or submitted electronically via the AJFSFM website: by first registering to the website and then submitting your manuscript by signing in using your username and password. Upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication, authors are required to provide the original copy of the assignment of copyright dully signed by all authors.

A cover letter and permissions to reproduce previously published material or to use illustrations identifying human subjects must be submitted with the manuscript. The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to publish the manuscript in a different category than specified by the author.

Possible duplicate publication issues, or financial or other factors that may cause conflicts of interest, should be stated in the cover letter along with. any other information the Editor-in-Chief may need in making a decision in such cases. Permission to include sensitive personal information about identifiable persons, or to name persons for their contributions must be included.

For manuscript publication, a Copyright Assignment Form must be signed by all authors and submitted. This demonstrates that all required approvals and/or reviews have been obtained. reserves It is a right reserved by the Editor-in-Chief to request explicit, written clarification of individual author’s roles in the manuscript content. Submission of manuscripts from third parties without the explicit, written permission of the author(s) will not be accepted.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. Cover letter and Title page of the submission file is attached.

Copyright Notice

Authors retain copyright without any restrictions and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.



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