Forensic Characterization of Liquor Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) – A Review

Praveen K. Yadav, Rakesh M. Sharma


Alcohol is a subject of forensic research across the world. The forensic characterization of alcoholic beverages is required in cases of death and crimes due to alcohol consumption. In many cases, determining the geographic origin becomes a very important part of the investigation. Therefore, it is important to develop more sensitive methods for the analysis of alcoholic beverages. In this review, an attempt has been made to summarize the work accomplished so far in the field of analysis and detection of alcoholic beverages. In this review, various sample preparation techniques for GC-MS analysis of alcoholic beverages have been discussed along with its applications. GC-MS based analysis is less time consuming, more sensitive and more accurate.  

Keywords: Forensic Sciences, Alcoholic beverages, Mortality, Analysis, GC-MS


Alcohol, Liquor, Gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry

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