Sexual Dimorphism and Estimation of Height from Body Length Anthropometric Parameters among the Hausa Ethnic Group of Nigeria

Jaafar Aliyu, Barnabas Danborno, Wilson O. Hamman, Ibrahim A. Sambo, Lawan H. Adamu, Usman Affan

Abstract


The study was carried out to investigate the sexual dimorphism in length and other anthropometric parameters. To also generate formulae for height estimation using anthropometric measurements of some length parameters among Hausa ethnic group of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A cross sectional study was conducted and a total of 500 subjects participated in this study which was mainly secondary school students between the age ranges of 16-27 years, anthropometric measurements were obtained using standard protocols. It was observed that there was significant sexual dimorphism in all the parameters except for body mass index. In all the parameters males tend to have significantly (P < 0.05) higher mean values except biaxillary distances. Height showed positive and strongest correlations with demispan length, followed by knee height, thigh length, sitting height, hand length, foot length, humeral length, forearm length and weight respectively. There were weak and positive correlations between height and neck length as well as biaxillary length. The demi span length showed the strongest correlation coefficient and low standard error of estimate indicating the strong estimation ability than other parameters. The combination of two parameters tends to give better estimations and low standard error of estimates, so also combining the three parameters gives better estimations with a lower standard error of estimates. The better correlation coefficient was also observed with the double and triple parameters respectively. Male Hausa tend to have larger body proportion compared to female. Height showed positive and strongest correlations with demispan length. Body length anthropometric proved to be useful in estimation of stature among Hausa ethnic group of Kaduna state Nigeria.

 

 


Keywords


Forensic Sciences, height, estimation, anthropometry, Hausa population

Full Text:

PDF

References


Waghmare VK, Gaikwad RB, Herekar NG. Estimation of the stature from the anthropometric measurement of hand length. Internet J Biol Anthropol. 2011;4(2):1-5.

Ilayperuma I, Nanayakkara BG, Palahepitiya KN. A model for reconstruction of personal stature based on the measurements of foot length. Galle Med J. 2008;13(1):6-9. https://doi.org/10.4038/gmj.v13i1.885

Saxena SK. A study of correlations and estimation of stature from hand length, hand breadth and sole length. Anthropologischer Anzeiger. 1984; 42(4):271-6. PMid:6529251

Bhatnagar DP, Thapar SP, Batish MK. Identification of personal height from the somatometry of the hand in Punjabi males. Forensic Sci Int. 1984;24(2):137-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(84)90093-8

Mall G, Hubig M, Büttner A, Kuznik J, Penning R, Graw M. Sex determination and estimation of stature from the long bones of the arm. Forensic Sci Int. 2001;117(1):23-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(00)00445-X

Chittawatanarat K, Msc SP, Trakulhoon V, Ungpinitpong W, Patumanond J. Height prediction from anthropometric length parameters in Thai people. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2012;21(3):347-54. PMid:22705423

Muncie HL, Sobal J, Hoopes JM, Tenney JH, Warren JW. A practical method of estimating stature of bedridden female nursing home patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1987;35(4):285-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1987.tb04632.x, PMid:3559015

Byers S, Akoshima K, Curran B. Determination of adult stature from metatarsal length. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1989;79(3):275-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.1330790303, PMid:2764081

Han TS, Lean ME. Lower leg length as an index of stature in adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996;20(1):21-7. PMid:8788318

Oommen A, Mainker A, Oommen T. A study of the correlation between hand length and foot length in humans. J Anat Soc India. 2005;54(2):55-7.

Özaslan A, Koç S, Özaslan İ, Tugcu H. Estimation of stature from upper extremity. Mil Med. 2006;171(4):288-91. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED.171.4.288, PMid:16673740

Krishan K, Sharma A. Estimation of stature from dimensions of hands and feet in a North Indian population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2007;14(6):327-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcfm.2006.10.008, PMid:17239650

Gihring T. Intraurban activity patterns among entrepreneurs in a West African setting. Geogr Ann Ser B.1984:17-27. https://doi.org/10.2307/490525, https://doi.org/10.1080/04353684.1984.11879497

Bredenkamp K. Skelton S. Vander meulen, J. Shaba M. Anthropometry Measurement for UP: ERGOTECH (2013).

Danborno B, Elukpo A. Sexual dimorphism in hand and foot length, indices, stature-ratio and relationship to height in Nigerians. Internet J Forensic Sci. 2008;3(1):379-83.

Danborno B, Adebisi SS, Adelaiye AB, Ojo SA. Estimation of height and weight from the lengths of second and fourth digits in Nigerians. Internet J Forensic Sci. 2009;3(2):1-6.

Ibegbu AO, David ET, Hamman WO, Umana UE, Musa SA. Height determination using hand length in Nigerian school children. J Morphol Sci. 2014;31(4):193-8. https://doi.org/10.4322/jms.047913

Steyn M, İşcan MY. Sex determination from the femur and tibia in South African whites. Forensic Sci Int. 1997;90(1):111-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(97)00156-4

Ebite LE, Ozoko TC, Eweka AO, Otuaga PO, Oni AO, Om’Iniabohs FA. Height: ulna ratio: a method of stature estimation in a rural community in Edo state, Nigeria. Internet J Forensic Sci. 2008;3(1):12-8.

Anas IY, Esomonu UG, Zagga AD. Prediction of stature of Hausa ethnic group using hand length and breath. J Med Trop. 2010;12(1).

Numan AI, Idris MO, Zirahei JV, Amaza DS, Dalori MB. Prediction of stature from hand anthropometry: a comparative study in the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria. Br J Med Med Res.2013; 3(4): 1062-73. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJMMR/2013/1932

Ebeye OA. Estimation of stature from lower limb measurement in Urhobos of Southern Nigeria. J Exp Clin anat. 2012;11(1):40-3.

Ewunonu EO, Anibeze CI. Estimation of stature from cephalic parameters in South-Eastern Nigerian population. J Scientific Innovative Res. 2013;2:425-32.

Modibbo MH, Adebisi SS, Taura MG, Rabiu FI, Garzali MB. Stature estimation using regression equations from hand dimensions among hausa neonates of kano state, Nigeria. Sub-Saharan Afr J Med. 2014;1(3):145-7. https://doi.org/10.4103/2384-5147.138946

Umar MB, Ojo AS, Asala SA, Hambolu JO. Comparison of cephalometric indices between the Hausa and Yoruba ethnic groups of Nigeria. Res J Medical Sci. 2011; 5(2): 83-9. https://doi.org/10.3923/rjmsci.2011.83.89

Fatmah F. Predictive equations for estimation of stature from knee height, arm span, and sitting height in Indonesian Javanese elderly people. Int J Med Med Sci. 2009;1:456-61.

Mohanty SP, Babu SS, Nair NS. The use of arm span as a predictor of height: A study of South Indian women. J Orthop Surg. 2001;9(1):19-23. https://doi.org/10.1177/230949900100900105, PMid:12468839

Ozden H, Balci Y, Demirüstü C, Turgut A, Ertugrul M. Stature and sex estimate using foot and shoe dimensions. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;147(2):181-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.09.072, PMid:15567624

Sanli SG, Kizilkanat ED, Boyan N, Ozsahin ET, Bozkir MG, Soames R, Erol H, Oguz O. Stature estimation based on hand length and foot length. Clin Anat. 2005;18(8):589-96. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.20146, PMid:16187319

Krishan K, Sharma A. Estimation of stature from dimensions of hands and feet in a North Indian population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2007;14(6):327-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcfm.2006.10.008, PMid:17239650

Patel SM, Shah GV, Patel SV. Estimation of height from measurements of foot length in Gujarat region. J Anat Soc India. 2007;56(1):25-7.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26735/16586794.2017.009

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences & Forensic Medicine (AJFSFM)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.