In this study, the associations between sedentary and nonsedentary
lifestyles with certain anthropometric and cardiovascular
parameters were investigated.
The study populations consisted of four hundred (n = 400)
randomly selected sedentary and non-sedentary adult male
subjects in the age group of 25 – 55 years, from the Nnewi
community, who satisfied the inclusion criteria. They were
grouped in three (3) groups consisting of Group A (25 – 35
years), Group B (36 – 45 years), and Group C (46 – 55 years).
Out of which 207 were sedentary and 193 were non-sedentary
subjects. Anthropometric parameters such as: weight (kg),
height (cm), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference
(cm), and mid arm circumference (cm), and cardiovascular
parameters [systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)]
Results showed a statistically significant increase in anthropometric
and cardiovascular parameters in sedentary
subjects compared to non-sedentary subjects. There was,
however, a significant positive correlation of waist circumference
(coefficient = 0.161) than hip circumference (coefficient
= 0.158). Among sedentary subjects, only waist-to-hip ratio
(WHR) had a significant positive correlation with diastolic
blood pressure (coefficient = 0.181, p < 0.01).
This study provides clear evidence that there is a linear relationship
between physical activities and health status among
individuals wich can help in forensic identification.