Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common global health
problem. The injury pattern and socio-demographic profile of IPV
in Sri Lanka may show variations to that seen in a western society
due to socio-cultural differences. The objective of this study was
to identify the injury pattern and the socio-demographic aspects of
IPV in a Sri Lankan context.
All the victims of IPV presented to the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya,
Peradeniya, Sri Lanka from 2006 to 2011 were included in
this study. There were 226 cases of IPV of which 96% were female.
The majority were married and living together. They were less than
30 years of age, unemployed, with more than 2 children, had a poor
education and were in the early phase of marriage.
Seventy-two percent experienced physical violence resulting
in contusions (72%) and abrasions (42%). A significant proportion
(11%) did not have any visible injuries. The commonest area of injury
was upper limbs (63%) with the head and face being involved
in 54% of the cases. The majority (84%) were non grievous injuries
inflicted by bare hands (58%) and feet (13%).
Profiling of such victims would enable social and community
workers to identify this vulnerable group for early intervention and
prevention of such occurrences.