Fire debris analysis is a branch of forensic chemistry
which deals with the examination and analysis of fire debris
samples in order to detect and identify ignitable liquid
residues in them. In addition to arson, fire debris analysis is
usually performed in cases of fires of suspicious origin .
In addition to this, petrol bombs are used in social or religious
riots, and terrorist activities. In a developing country
like India, “bride burning” for dowry presents another aspect
of such crimes and includes cases of homicidal or suicidal
burning which require such examination . Fire debris
analysis is performed to determine the presence or absence
of ignitable liquids in samples, to identify the chemical composition
of ignitable liquid, the class of ignitable liquid, and
to establish an association between ignitable liquid residues
and its source.