Social media networks are becoming an essential part of life for most of the world’s population. Detecting cyberbullying using machine learning and natural language processing algorithms is getting the attention of researchers. There is a growing need for automatic detection and mitigation of cyberbullying events on social media. In this study, research directions and the theoretical foundation in this area are investigated. A systematic review of the current state-of-the-art research in this area is conducted. A framework considering all possible actors in the cyberbullying event must be designed, including various aspects of cyberbullying and its effect on the participating actors. Furthermore, future directions and challenges are also discussed.
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