Enoch Opanin Gyamfi Zhiguang Qin Daniel Adu-Gyamfi Juliana Mantebea Danso Judith Ayekai Browne Dominic Kwasi Adom Francis Effirim Botchey https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8327-4469 Nelson Opoku-Mensah


This study tackles the significant challenge of generating low-cost intrusion detection datasets for Internet of Things (IoT) camera devices, particularly for financially limited organizations. Traditional datasets often depend on costly cameras, posing accessibility issues. Addressing this, a new dataset was developed, tailored for low-cost IoT devices, focusing on essential features. The research employed an Entry/Exit IoT Network at CKT-UTAS, Navrongo, a Ghanaian University, showcasing a feasible model for similar organizations. The study gathered location and other vital features from low-cost cameras and a standard dataset. Using the XGBoost machine learning algorithm, the effectiveness of this approach for cybersecurity enhancement was demonstrated. The implementation included a model-agnostic eXplainable AI (XAI) technique, employing Shapley Additive Explanations (SHAP) values to interpret the XGBoost model's predictions. This highlighted the significance of cost-effective features like Flow Duration, Total Forward Packets, and Total Length Forward Packet, in addition to location data. These features were crucial for intrusion detection using the new IoT dataset. Training a deep-learning model with only these features maintained comparable accuracy to using the full dataset, validating the practicality and efficiency of the approach in real-world scenarios.


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