Forensic Examination of Class Characteristics in English Handwriting of the Three States: Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Kashmir in India

Komal Saini, Navneet Kaur

Abstract


The present study analyzed the English handwriting of subjects
from Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir to investigate
whether the examination of style characteristics helps determine
the nationality/ethnicity of the writer or the place where the
writer learned writing.
The subjects had completed secondary education in their respective
regional languages along with English as a second language.
Characteristic features such as letter formations, punctuation
marks, spacing between letters, and margins were observed.
The data were analysed using the chi- square test to determine significant
class characteristics in the English handwritings.
Significant class characteristics were identified; these occurrences
were attributable to the influence of habitually writing in
their native language, because the impact of regional language on
the subjects’ English handwriting was observed in a few samples.
Forensic document examiners will be able to determine class
characteristic in the English handwritings of people from different
states using the established procedure and possibly also determine
the nationality or ethnic origin of writers.


Keywords


Forensic Sciences, Handwriting Statistical Significance, Class Characteristics, India

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kelly JS and Lindblom BS: “Scientific Examination

of Questioned Documents”, 2nd Edition, CRC Press,

Bocan Raton, London, New York; 2006. https://doi.

org/10.1201/9781420003765

Conway JVP: Evidential Documents, Charles C. Thomas

Springfield, IL; 1959.

Harrison WR: “Suspect Documents: their scientific examination”,

Sweet and Maxwell, London; 1966.

Jasuja OP, Singh S. Examination of Gurumukhi script:

a preliminary report. Sci. Justice. 1996;36(1):9-13.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S1355-0306(96)72548-0

Turner IJ, Sidhu RK, Love JM. A preliminary study

investigating class characteristics in the Gurmukhi

handwriting of 1st and 2nd generation Punjabis. Sci.

Justice. 2008;48(3):126-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.

scijus.2007.10.011

Cheng N, Lee GK, Yap BS, Lee LT, Tan SK, Tan

KP. Investigation of class characteristics in English

handwriting of the three main racial groups: Chinese,

Malay and Indian in Singapore. J Forensic Sci.

;50(1):JFS2004005-8. https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS2004005

Shah DJ, Dahiya MS. Determination of the state of origin

of the writer from the class characteristics in English

handwriting. Curr Sci. 2014:1177-83.

Turnbull SJ, Jones AE, Allen M. Identification of the

class characteristics in the handwriting of Polish people

writing in English. J Forensic Sci. 2010;55(5):1296-

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01449.x

h t t p s : / / u p l o a d . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i p e d i a /

commons/3/3b/Telugu_script_on_patterned_backgrounf.

gif

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/420382946448105033/

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/158118636897838390/

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/

/66/Urdu_alphabets.png

Horton RA: A study of occurrence of certain handwriting

characteristics in a random population, International

Journal of Forensic Document Examiners; 1986; 2

(95-102). (Invalid)

Hilton O: “Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents”,

C.R.C. Press, Florida; 1982.

Huber RA and Headrick AM: “Handwriting Identification:

Facts and Fundamentals”, CRC Press,

Boca Raton, London New York; 1999. https://doi.

org/10.1201/9781420048773

Osborn A:”Questioned documents”, 2nd edition Toronto

Boyd printing company; 1929.

Schuetzner EM. Class characteristics of hand printing.

Journal of the American Society of Questioned Document

Examiners. 1999:5-33.

Srihari SN, Cha SH, Arora H, Lee S. Individuality of

handwriting. J Forensic Sci. 2002;47(4):1-7. https://

doi.org/10.1520/JFS15447J




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26735/16586794.2018.028

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.