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Mahmoud Salama Abdel Moneim elsherif

Abstract

The tremendous acceleration in manufacturing technology, on one hand, and artificial intelligence programs, on the other, have produced a new organism whose legal frameworks have yet to be defined, robots, the    combination of human intelligence, and machine power. It is unclear what this new age will look like in its place in the Criminal Code, even after the European Parliament passed the 2017 European Guidelines for Civil Law. However, the latter has hinted that a new legal person is on the horizon, which may entail legal responsibility, and it goes without saying that the Civil Code is not far from its criminal counterpart, since tort is itself criminal responsibility, if the offending legal text is Criminal nature. Research into the availability of the legal implications of robots is a cornerstone in the possibility of criminal accountability.
In the absence of a national or comparative legislative organization for humanity, jurisprudence is called to discuss the limits on which the criminal responsibility of this new entity stands, which may result in the creation of a new type of criminal responsibility that has a special legal nature, commensurate with the privacy it enjoys, provided that it is adopted. The activity of the latter is through its own perception without the manufacturer’s knowledge, or direct control. As well as the development of punitive models that are compatible with its own nature.

Accordingly, the industrial perception represents the recognition of the criminal responsibility of the created entity, since it lacks the ability to self-determine, and it is nothing more than a tool in the hands of the manufacturer or the controller, so that one or both of them will be held criminally responsible in the event that a crime is committed.

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